- A Brief Introduction to the Movement
- To Stay or To Go?: The National Emigration Convention of 1854
- The 1853 Manual Labor College Initiative
- Bishop Henry McNeal Turner
- Mobility, Migration, and the 1855 Philadelphia National Convention
- Henry Highland Garnet's "Address"
- What Did They Eat? Where Did They Stay?
- Black Wealth and the 1843 Convention
- Black Women's Economic Power
- The First National Convention
- The "Conventions" of the Conventions: Political Rituals
- A National Press? The 1847 National Convention and the North Star
- Equality Before the Law: California Black Convention Activism, 1855-65
- Conflict on the Ohio: The 1858 Convention in Cincinnati
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Scripto | Transcribe Page
Proceedings of the Colored State Convention assembled in St. Paul's A. M. E. Church, Lexington, Ky., November 26.
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Long sentences are given colored men, while white men largely find their defense and protection in packed juries. The bad, cleared by such juries, have their opportunities extended to do much wrong. Prejudiced juries decide a black man guilty before hearing the case. They have no incentive to do colored men justice, as they know colored men never sit on juries, and the white juror renders his verdict to please his friends.
We have had serious trouble in traveling. We ask you to pass such stringent laws as will forever prevent the scenes of the past; that our ladies be no longer compelled to ride in smoking-cars and wait in cattle pens. We are able to pay first-class fares, and as railroads have scales of prices, we are willing to abide that scale (first and second), but when we have chosen and paid for the first-class fare we want that and nothing less. We do not mean a half a car "For Colored People" and the other part for smoking, and this set up as "equal accommodation;" for from the smoker comes brutal oaths, foul breaths, reeking with beer, whisky and tobacco. And often our ladies have not this poor place to themselves. Loafers come in and tell smutty jokes in their hearing, and when perchance our ladies have gotten into a "ladies' coach" they have bee cursed and brutally treated by conductors to the extent of beating them. It is proposed that the whipping-post be established for wife-beaters. How shall these women-beaters be punished? It is considered disgraceful in Kentucky for a man to strike a woman. These men glory in their shame and the passengers applaud.
The spirit that permits a conductor to brutalize a woman of any color finds its development in the mobs that stain the escutcheon of our State. They should be summarily dealt with. We feel that such a sentiment could be created by the law makers expressing themselves through severe laws against mobs, mobbers, their abettors and derelict officers, that will bring about a radical change in these affairs. It seems bad enough to keep us off the juries, but extreme folly for men to disgrace the State and make
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