- A Brief Introduction to the Movement
- To Stay or To Go?: The National Emigration Convention of 1854
- The 1853 Manual Labor College Initiative
- Bishop Henry McNeal Turner
- Mobility, Migration, and the 1855 Philadelphia National Convention
- Henry Highland Garnet's "Address"
- What Did They Eat? Where Did They Stay?
- Black Wealth and the 1843 Convention
- Black Women's Economic Power
- The First National Convention
- The "Conventions" of the Conventions: Political Rituals
- A National Press? The 1847 National Convention and the North Star
- Equality Before the Law: California Black Convention Activism, 1855-65
- Conflict on the Ohio: The 1858 Convention in Cincinnati
- The Post-Bellum Conventions Movement and the Emigration Debate
- Conventions by City
- National Conventions
- Women Delegates
- Women in the Conventions
- Convention Hosts by Denomination
- Conventions by Level
- Clusters of Conventions
- Colored Conventions in Canada
- Women in the Conventions | March 8, 2017
- Douglass Day
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The "New Orleans Tribune"
The New Orleans Tribune, the first African American daily newspaper, began on July 21, 1864. It quickly rose to be one of the most significant and radical Black periodicals of its time. Bilingual from its conception, the Tribune published two pages in English and two in French to better serve the diverse population of New Orleans. The Tribune folded after six years after having published over a thousand issues. The newspaper tackled multiple issues concerning the Black community and engaged its readers with articles about racial progress, political matters, city accomodations for Blacks, education, and so forth.
On the front page of the issue shown here, the first Louisiana Convention, which took place just days before, is referenced. In this section, the Tribune boasts the fact that the Convention named it the organ of the leagues. The Tribune’s involvement with the Convention movement can be seen, too, in the minutes for the Mobile, Alabama, 1865 Convention, which comes from the newspaper.
In Roudanez: History and Legacy, Mark Charles Roudané writes:
The Tribune was instrumental in the creation of the Freedmen’s Aid Association, the local branch of the National Equal Rights League, the Friends of Universal Suffrage, and ultimately, the Louisiana Republican Party. The newspaper actively participated in all the major political debates and played a key role in the creation of the 1868 Louisiana State Constitution, the most radical in Reconstruction history. Ultimately overpowered by conservative Republicans, the Tribune by and large suspended operation in the spring of 1868.
The Tribune was founded and financed by Dr. Louis Charles Roudanez. Like many free people of color in New Orleans, he was wealthy and grew up with the French language. And similarly, his parents were racially mixed refugees from the French colony of Saint-Domingue (Haiti), leaving after the island’s successful slave rebellion began in 1791. Returning to New Orleans after being a student in Paris, Roudanez married Célie Saulay, a free woman of color, in 1857. The doctor established a successful medical practice on Customhouse Street (now Iberville) in the French Quarter, serving clients without regard to race or ability to pay.
Roudané, Mark Charles. Roudanez: History and Legacy. Accessed on April 29, 2016. Link.
Researched and written by Eileen Moscoso. Edited by Dr. P. Gabrielle Foreman.