- A Brief Introduction to the Movement
- To Stay or To Go?: The National Emigration Convention of 1854
- The 1853 Manual Labor College Initiative
- Bishop Henry McNeal Turner
- Mobility, Migration, and the 1855 Philadelphia National Convention
- Henry Highland Garnet's "Address"
- What Did They Eat? Where Did They Stay?
- Black Wealth and the 1843 Convention
- Black Women's Economic Power
- The First National Convention
- The "Conventions" of the Conventions: Political Rituals
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The Origins of the 1830 Convention
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The next three tabs examine events and individuals that brought the 1830 convention to life. An emergency forcing thousands of Black people from Ohio, a letter from a young African American from Baltimore seeking a better life in another country, and the 70-year-old founder and leader of the AME Church, Bishop Richard Allen, are all featured prominently in the traditional origin story that has been passed along in scholarship for nearly two hundred years. Many other events, documents, and individuals promoted organizing on a national scale for the first time as well. Free African Americans across the country appear to have been simultaneously ready for such organizing efforts to emerge.