- A Brief Introduction to the Movement
- To Stay or To Go?: The National Emigration Convention of 1854
- The 1853 Manual Labor College Initiative
- Bishop Henry McNeal Turner
- Mobility, Migration, and the 1855 Philadelphia National Convention
- Henry Highland Garnet's "Address"
- What Did They Eat? Where Did They Stay?
- Black Wealth and the 1843 Convention
- Black Women's Economic Power
- The First National Convention
- The "Conventions" of the Conventions: Political Rituals
- A National Press? The 1847 National Convention and the North Star
- Equality Before the Law: California Black Convention Activism, 1855-65
- Conflict on the Ohio: The 1858 Convention in Cincinnati
- The Post-Bellum Conventions Movement and the Emigration Debate
- Conventions by City
- National Conventions
- Women Delegates
- Women in the Conventions
- Convention Hosts by Denomination
- Conventions by Level
- Clusters of Conventions
- Colored Conventions in Canada
- Women in the Conventions | March 8, 2017
- Douglass Day
- About Us
- Contact Us
Civil War Correspondence
Many Black soldiers avidly engaged with the Black press. Soldiers read and wrote letters to The Christian Recorder about their wartime experiences, general interest topics, and maintained correspondence with other subscribers. They also related the multiple battles they fought for themselves and family and friends back home. Many enlisted while still enslaved; others were free men fighting for a country where race-based discrimination and oppression was alive and well. Black soldiers—who often could not give testimony in court, who could not vote in all but five states, and who were told they "had no rights whites were bound to respect" by the Supreme Court just years before in 1857—were fighting in a war purported to bring about the end slavery. Yet the experiences of many Black soldiers, free and enslaved, reinforced their second-class citizenship. The loyalty, strength, and integrity of Black soldiers were maligned in the popular press. The military was segregated, and Black soldiers often did not receive adequate supplies, training, or support.
Use the storymap below to read letters from Turner and other Black soldiers during the Civil War.