- A Brief Introduction to the Movement
- To Stay or To Go?: The National Emigration Convention of 1854
- The 1853 Manual Labor College Initiative
- Bishop Henry McNeal Turner
- Mobility, Migration, and the 1855 Philadelphia National Convention
- Henry Highland Garnet's "Address"
- What Did They Eat? Where Did They Stay?
- Black Wealth and the 1843 Convention
- Black Women's Economic Power
- The First National Convention
- The "Conventions" of the Conventions: Political Rituals
- A National Press? The 1847 National Convention and the North Star
- Equality Before the Law: California Black Convention Activism, 1855-65
- Conflict on the Ohio: The 1858 Convention in Cincinnati
- The Post-Bellum Conventions Movement and the Emigration Debate
- Conventions by City
- National Conventions
- Women Delegates
- Women in the Conventions
- Convention Hosts by Denomination
- Conventions by Level
- Clusters of Conventions
- Colored Conventions in Canada
- Women in the Conventions | March 8, 2017
- Douglass Day
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Click on the right-hand side or on the names on the life map below to learn more about intellectuals, education activists, and delegates connected to the 1853 National Colored Convention.
The men and women profiled here believed that creating educational opportunities for future generations of free African Americans was critical to Black citizenship, economic stability, and self-respect. Although each of these individuals has a link to the Rochester 1853 convention, their biographies tell a deeper story of how they fought for educational opportunity and how their life experiences shaped their position on the manual labor school issue. Several individuals here, for example, have links to Oberlin College, an institution of higher learning established on the manual labor school model and open to all, regardless of race or gender. Learn about the backgrounds of the three delegates—Charles Langston, Charles Reason, and George Vashon—who served on the Committee for Manual Labor School. Dig deeper into the lives of Black women intellectuals, such as Susan Paul Smith and Lucie Stanton Day Sessions, who pursued their education against the odds and went on to write, teach and advocate on behalf of educational justice.